People require catheter for several reasons. In the field of medicine, it is that thin tube which is constituted of medical-grade materials serving a wide range of functions. This is purely a medical device which has to be inserted in one’s body to carry out surgery or a particular treatment. The device has various applications like gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, ophthalmic or neurovascular. But, to use the device for such purposes or applications, you need to modify the device a bit. This device may be inserted in the duct, the vessel and body cavity. Its function is to allow drainage or facilitate administer of gases and fluids. It may perform several tasks as per the nature of device. Through the process of catheterization, the device is inserted.
The various uses of the medical device
There are various purposes of doing catheterization. Some of the reasons are:
- helps to drain the urine from bladder in case the urethra is damaged
- helps to drain the urine from kidney via percutaneous nephrostomy
- administer intravenous fluids and medication
- administer anaesthetic medication into an epidural space
A range of materials including polymers are used for its making. It can use polyurethane, nylon, silicone rubber for the making. The device must be guided to the right vessel.
The various types
After the cervical cancer treatment, you may require catheterization. Different types serve different purposes. If there is any major health issue restricting urination, catheterization may be required. It also helps the doctor to monitor urine of the patient. Some of the types of catheterization device are indwelling, in the condom form and intermittent. The goal of each kind is same, that is, elimination of urine from the bladder. However, they are used in different situations.
If catheterization is needed for a short period of time, then intermittent type may be used. It is removed as soon as the urination stops.
However, the indwelling catheterization is the long term placement. The healthcare provider may place that and leave inside the bladder. It moves from the urethra and reaches to the bladder. We can say that the process of placement is difficult and it is also uncomfortable for the concerned patient. The downside of indwelling medical device is that it may lead to infection in the urinary tract.
Condom catheterization is specifically meant for men. It eliminates pain, discomfort that was associated with indwelling catheterization. The device also reduces the chance of infection. The procedure of inserting is not painful. Most of the males contact UTI when they use the indwelling one. This problem is eliminated in condom.
The additional supplies are needed as well
Each device needs additional supply as well. They are drainage bag, namely, leg bag and the down bag. The leg bag which is worn under the pants goes unnoticed. The down drain, on the other hand, is used during the night. This may be hung from the bed also.
It is important to take care of the drainage bag. If surgery is the part of cervical cancer treatment, then there may be a need for catheterization. The drainage bag should be emptied in 7-8 hours time. There are various ways for caring for the device and the bag. The medical professional can let you know how to care for it.
So, you may understand how very vital catheterization device is. The nurse can help in inserting and emptying the device. After the sciatica treatment, you should consult with a physiotherapist for rehab.