Planet Hepatitis Day 2020: Having an estimated forty million people suffering from chronic Hepatitis B and six to twelve million individuals infected with Hepatitis, Hepatitis C, or inflammation of the liver has become one of the essential public health matters in India. Not only that, viral Hepatitis caused by Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E Viruses leads to a significant economic and social burden on the affected individuals and their families. Based on statistics recorded by the World Health Organisation (WHO), around one-hundred million people are suffering from Hepatitis B, and half a million of them are living with Hepatitis C at South-East Asia. Long term injury to the liver can progress to scarring, cirrhosis or even liver cancer. Hepatitis B and C, alcohol, fatty liver disease and autoimmune liver disease are the most common causes of cirrhosis.
Anxiety is also a common disorder which could reduce the quality of life and social actions in these patients. Intentional transmission of hepatitis B and C may also occur by high-risk behaviours like unprotected sexual activities. Like any chronic illness, depression is common in patients with chronic liver disease because the treatment is long and continuing, and if not treated in time, the complications which ensue make the individual more disheartened. A significant depressive disorder is characterized by a period of depressed mood or anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure from normally pleasurable life events such as eating, exercise, social or sexual interaction) lasting for at least 2 successive weeks.
- The unhappy disposition must also be accompanied by at least four of the below traits:
- Overwhelming sadness or emptiness
- Lack of interest in daily activities
- Appetite or weight adjustments
- Disturbed sleep patterns
- Changes in psychomotor action
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
- Difficulty focusing, concentrating or making decisions
- Recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation
- To help keep your depression and anxiety in check, follow the following tips:
Let your physician know about the history of depression or drug abuse along with any family history of depression.
Know all the signs of hepatitis C depression that might include fatigue, depression, irritability, changes in appetite or sleep, and any thoughts of death or suicide.
When you have signs of depression or risk factors for depression, have a psychiatric evaluation before beginning the therapy. An individual can conquer depression by eating a wholesome diet, being physically active, getting emotional support, avoiding stress, and getting enough sleep.
Stop drinking alcohol and using drugs as these habits will cause acute damage to the liver. They can also cause depression and anxiety worse. Practice ways to say no, and steer clear of those who pressurize you to partake. Get treated for any substance abuse issues.
Eat nutritious food and get enough sleep workout frequently to keep pressure in check. Exercise is a superb way to keep you emotionally and physically healthy, so don’t skip it.