G20 Sets Ground Rules Ahead of Facebook’s Libra Stablecoin

The world’s leading Markets need to plug gaps in their rulebooks to avoid digital currencies like Facebook’s planned Libra stablecoin from undermining financial Equilibrium, the Group of 20 Economies’ (G20) regulatory watchdog said on Tuesday.

Stablecoins are tied to traditional money or basket of resources, and employed for payments or storing value.

The G20’s Financial Stability Board (FSB) set out 10 recommendations on Tuesday for a common, global approach to regulating stablecoins, prompted by interpersonal media giant Facebook proposing its Libra stablecoin.

They should face the very same rules as other businesses that present the same risks, regardless of the technology used, it stated.

Present financial rules, like for payments and customer checks, generally use in whole or in part to stablecoins and address at least a few of the risks they generate, the FSB said.

Coverage, however, can be patchy from nation to nation, exposing gaps for overseeing a cross-border stablecoin, the FSB said.

The recommendations propose flexible, cross-border alliance to avoid a stablecoin playing off one authority against another.

“Relevant authorities must, where necessary, describe regulatory forces and address potential gaps in their domestic frameworks to adequately address risks posed by international stable coins,” the FSB said.

Stablecoin operators must efficiently control risks, be operationally resilient, and have protected against cyber attacks, and methods for quitting money laundering and terrorist funding, ” it said.

Several of Libra’s leading backers, such as Visa, Mastercard, and PayPal, have since dropped out after skepticism from authorities and central banks, that said it shouldn’t be launched until sufficient rules are set up.

Facebook’s possibly enormous reach in cross-border payments will make it a fast, systemic rival to traditional monies, central banks have said.

The business said last month it was planning to offer you that the Libra token but was also working on electronic versions of government-backed currencies.

The Switzerland-based Libra, that will issue and regulate the electronic currency, has said that it welcomes the regulatory examination. It declined to comment further.

Central banks are also looking into the possibility of issuing their own digital monies as the usage of cash for payments declines. The danger to their hands over cash posed by Libra’s potential launching has been a major factor in accelerating research efforts.

Existing stablecoins, many of which are offered globally, are still small in scale and pose no risks to financial stability, but this could change if use significantly improved, the FSB said.

The biggest, Tether, with a market capitalization of about $6.3 billion (approximately Rs. 48,002 crores), it still a fraction of the magnitude of bitcoin. It’s little used past the area of cryptocurrency trading.

The FSB’s public consultation is open until July 15, with the last report published in October.


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